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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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and lodgings for the normal population, and therefore certainly noiae for
the new-comers. Meanwhile the front-line of the war was still passing
along the Vistula. Owing to the pressure of war and reasons of economics
the German move to clear Western Poland of the Poles was not completed,
and it can only be surmised as to whether or how this action will be accom-
plished by the Russians in Eastern Poland. . . . The c cleaning up ' was
performed in Central Poland mainly by conscription, hampered as
Zymierski stated, by lack of equipment.
The extermination of the Home Army was the first step taken by the
e Lublin Committee 3 under the patronage of the N.K.V.D. Up to
March, 1945, over 40,000 members of this Army had been arrested on
that section of the territory of the Polish Republic ruled over by this
Committee. They were held in prisoner-of-war camps, many transported
to Russia, while a great number of the officers were shot. To mark the
occasion of the transforming of this c Committee ' into a c Provisional
Government/ the intention of continuing this action of annihilation was
proclaimed. Osubka Morawski stated : " Those who are still contem-
plating reactionary and terrorist actions can expect neither mildness nor
mercy . . . We shall act until all reactionary agents will be liquidated."
General Bor Komorowski headed the list of the " agents." Although
imprisoned in Germany, he constituted one of the " irreconcilable members
of the Home Army and followers of the London Government," and was
a symbol of the enemy which they (the Lublin Committee) fought. On
i yth January, Lublin radio broadcast to the population of the Polish
territories newly occupied by the Red Army :
" While the Polish (i.e., the Soviet Polish Army) was shedding its blood
fighting for Praga (Warsaw suburb), Count Bor-Komorowski, Commander
of the so-called Home Army, at the order of the reactionary Chief from
abroad, surrendered to the Germans. His misplaced rising and subsequent
surrender of arms considerably assisted the Germans.
" While the Polish soldier was fighting for Poland's freedom., bandits of
national forces in agreement with the Germans and the Home Army
murdered the best sons of the Polish people ... It is necessary to expel
these traitors, bandits, malefactors and murderers, stained with the blood
of their brothers, these instigators of fratricidal strife—the National Armed
Forces and the Home Army.
" The Government will not hesitate to take the most severe steps against
the enemies of a restored Poland in order to stamp out German agents and
anti-national elements, the Home Army and the National Armed Forces."
The Russian offensive began in January and the Polish Home Army
continued to help the Red Army, but after the occupation of almost the
whole of Poland by the Soviet armies, and their savage persecution of the
Polish Home Forces which they encountered in their march, and when
all hope of any change in the Soviets' attitude to these forces had vanished>
the Polish Government decided the only course was to disband them.
After five years of struggle and enormous casualties, the Polish Home
Army, still unbeaten and unbroken by the enemy and recognised as an